Nashville TN is the capital city of the state of Tennessee, a state that stretches from the Appalachian Mountains in the east to the Mississippi River in the West. Nashville is also Davidson County’s seat, sitting in north-central Tennessee on the Cumberland River.
While famous for country music, modern Nashville is home to music scenes of other genres, as well as a vibrant economic hub for the banking, transportation, publishing, and health care industries. Some universities and colleges also call Nashville TN home. Still, the nickname of this place is “Music City USA.”
Nashville saw its founding in 1779. Francis Nash, a hero of the American Revolution, was the namesake. Transportation proved an early theme in the growth of the city, as the port it provided on the Cumberland River mattered since it is a tributary to the larger Ohio River. At the start of the nineteenth century, the population of the city was only 345, a third of whom were African-Americans, but only 14 of which were free. In modern times, Nashville has around six to seven hundred thousand residents, the center of a larger two million person metropolitan and economic area.
Nashville became the permanently dedicated state capital of Tennessee in 1843. During the outbreak of the Civil War, both sides knew that Nashville had considerable strategic value, as it was still an important river port for the Cumberland and Ohio river trade routes, but had also established itself as a major railroad hub as well. In the second month of 1862, Nashville became the first of the Confederate capitals to succumb to Union forces. Their occupation remained in place undisturbed for the remainder of the war.
Nashville still lives up to its name of Music City USA. The four major “big” record labels have office locations here, as do some indie labels. The famous guitar maker Gibson has called Nashville its headquarters since 1984. Nashville follows only New York City as the nation’s biggest production center for music and has stayed in second place for nearly sixty years. A 2006 estimate placed the local impact of Nashville’s music scene at over six billion dollars per year in economic activity, providing 19,000 locals their jobs.
Locals know there is more than just music and tourism though, as Nashville is a hub for health care. More than three hundred health care businesses are based out of this city, providing thirty billion dollars of economic activity and over 200,000 jobs.